How is this PENV new plant design different?
Phoenix Energy of Nevada has taken existing proven Technologies and combined them to create the most efficient steam cycle power plant ever designed. The PENV Induction Energy Fueled Reactor Steam Generator Concept and Design was inspired by and based on Nuclear Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) Technologies. PENV Steam Generators use induction energy fields induced eddy currents resistive friction thermal heat energy production and application steam generation process instead of nuclear fission. PENV Systems Offer and Provide all the Benefits of a BWR without any of the radiation, toxic waste, contamination, compliance, security, storage, pollution, emission and high costs concerns, problems, issues and requirements associated with Nuclear Fueled Fission Reactor Power Plants. The induction energy fields produced by PENV Systems induction energy power supplies and coils are used to heat the PENV Steam Generator Feed Water Re-Heating Core Flow Channels Walls to 2,000 Degrees Fahrenheit in a very clean, efficient and safe Process that allows PENV to have complete Steam Cycle Process Temperature Control. These two Technologies have been in use for 60 years; However, PENV is the first Engineering and Design Company to combine the design and production benefits of these two Technologies into one single new Innovative Technology!
What is Induction and how is this more efficient than a conventionally fueled plant?
Electromagnetic Induction Energy Thermal Heating Process and Advantages
Electromagnetic Induction Energy Thermal Heat Energy Generation and Metal Heating makes use of the Characteristics and Capabilities of the electromagnetic induction energy fields to propagate, transmit and induce thermal heat energy producing eddy currents electrons flow into susceptible and receptive metals, with various electric current resistivity characteristics and ratings, placed or located within the propagated induction energy fields without any direct Coil contact with the target metals. Electromagnetic Induction Energy Thermal Heat Energy Generation is produced by induction energy induced eddy currents electrons flow atomic level resistance friction heating interactions between the eddy currents electrons and the metal atoms.
The Quantity of Thermal Heat Power Generated by this Process is Proportional to the Quantity of Eddy Currents (I) Induced Into, and the Electric Current Resistance (R) of the Target Metal;
Calculated By the Equation: P = [(I2 )(R)] in Watts Thermal
Induction Energy Fields Induced Eddy Currents Thermal Heat Energy Generation and Heating
has a Thermal Heat Power Transmission / Transfer Heating Density of 10,000 watts/sq-cm
By Comparison and Contrast:
- Direct Flame Heat Energy Heating has a Thermal Heat Power Transmission / Transfer
Heating Density of 1,000 watts/sq-cm
- Thermal Conduction Heating has a Power Transmission Heating Density of 20 watts/sq-cm
- Thermal Convection Heating has a Power Transmission Heating Density of 0.5 watts/sq-cm
As shown/demonstrated by the Comparisons of these four Thermal Heat Energy Generation Heating Processes and Methods, and Thermal Heat Power Transfer and Heating Densities, it is very obvious and apparent why Induction Energy Heating is so Extremely Effective, Efficient, Productive, Convenient and Preferred, as well as Very Safe, Clean and Non-Emissions.
Induction Energy Fields at Work
PENV New Innovative Designed Thermal Waste Heat Energy Recovery Dry Cooling Reverse Condenser
PENV Steam Waste Heat Energy Recovery Condenser recovers 85% of the Plant Steam Cycle Main Turbine Exhaust Steam Waste Heat Energy and returns it to the EMR Steam Generator re-heating and steaming process cycle for reuse too minimize the quantity of induction and thermal heat energy that is required to re-heat the feed water to steaming temperature and conditions, thereby significantly increasing Power Plant Thermal Steam Cycle Efficiency. These new Condensers were inspired by existing U.S. Naval water treatment systems, and have been designed and engineered for specific use in PENV Power Plants Steam Cycles and also in Existing Systems stand-alone Units for Emissions Reductions in conventional fossil and nuclear fueled Power Plants.
What about water treatment?
PENV Induction Energy Fueled Electric Power Generation Plants use High Temperature Evaporative Distillation for Desalination and / or Water Treatment During the normal steam cycle of a PENV Power Plant operation, feedwater is flashed to steam within the PENV steam generator. It then moves through the steam turbine generator on to the PENV waste heat recovery condenser to be collected as condensate. The Plants can operate in closed loop configuration (feed water is continually reused for the steam cycle), or in open loop configuration where feed water will be fed, mixed or diluted for desalination or treatment. Accommodations for proper distilled water containment are offered as an option by PENV and the high steaming temperature produces medical grade distilled water as a byproduct of typical plant operation. Steam is always Produced during Power Production /Operations of PENV Power Plants with no additional costs. The costs for adding this Water Treatment Options is confined to water handling infrastructure and water storage. Existing Reverse Osmosis Desal Plants Unlike PENV’s power / desalination plants, reverse osmosis plants discharge their waste brine back into the environment. A rough example of this is that for every gallon of water processed during reverse osmosis operations the end-product is: ½ gallon of desalinated water that must be mixed before consumption or use in any agricultural processes due to high salt content ½ gallon of heavily Salinized brine that is locally discharged back into the sea. This has been found to be an environmental concern with a large quantity of this brine staying within the estuaries and inlets, and increasing the salt content of the water and land where local wildlife is affected. This is not a problem with PENV processes. PENV water treatment processes are contained with over 99% of the impurities, metals and salts left behind when flashing to steam. These impurities, metals and salts are collected in the sump of PENV’s steam generator and safely removed, repurposed or disposed of during plant operations. PENV’s plants produce a clean, safe and viable product that is immediately ready for sales or distribution and require no mixing or additional treatments after production.
PENV Power Plant Start Up
PENV’s plants are started by engaging and maintaining Induction Energy Fields to heat flow tubes for steam production and can be started either directly from the grid, a generator or battery bank. After the system is in running and in a Steady State the Induction Energy Field will be switched over and continually maintained as one of the existing parasitic loads required by the plant.
The nominal startup emission will be the only impact associated with PENV’s plant design. PENV has designed an accessory Solar / battery Startup configuration for completely autonomous, zero emissions starting and remote location use.
Zero Emissions Start Up Capabilities
PENV has Designed and Offers a unique, Optional Equipment Configuration for Zero Emissions, Zero Carbon Footprint, 100% Fossil Fuels Free Induction Energy Fueled and Powered Electric Power Generation System. This System Design employs and uses Solar CPV Powered Battery Banks with the Capacity to Start-Up and Sustain the induction energy fields until the System is in Steady State Operation.
PENV Power Plants with this Option will be completely Autonomous, i.e., do not require any external power inputs (electric grid or fossil fuel generators) for start-up, and will not produce any Emissions. An Emergency Bio-Diesel Generator is also provided and available for use during Battery Bank maintenance or repairs, and Black Re-Starts. The Battery Banks are continuously charged by the Solar CPV Panels and the Electric Power Plant during Normal Operations. PENV is the only Power Plant Engineering and Design Company in the Industry that offers this Capability Option.
What about Emissions and Compliance?
PENV induction Energy Fueled Power Plants are basically big water heaters that uses induction fields to heat flow tubes within The PENV designed Steam Generator for industrial production of Steam. The unit when running will produce no/zero emissions. This means there is literally nothing to regulate. PENV’s proposed Florida plant has been planned using an existing 10k sf warehouse. PENV’s only site requirements included nearness to grid and simple building codes for the weight of our equipment.
Conversion of an existing conventional fossil fueled power plant
Conversion or retrofitting an existing conventionally fueled Power Plant to a PENV Induction Energy Fueled Reactor Steam Generation Steam waste heat energy recovery reverse condenser Plant is an extremely cost effective compared to building a new Power Plant from the ground up. These conversions make use of existing Plant land, buildings, infrastructure, controls systems, and electric power distribution and interconnection equipment at the Site. The reuse of these existing assets and reduced permitting and compliance requirements, costs and issues when converting an existing conventional fossil fueled electric power plant using PENV designs means converted plants can be brought back into service for a fraction of the costs of any new electric power generation system plant facility.
In a typical conversion PENV will decommission the existing boiler, fire system, condenser and integrate a new PENV steam generator, waste heat recovery condenser, and a new installation specific distributed control system (DCS). The PENV compact Steam Generator and Reverse Condenser can be integrated into most Plants without removal of existing boiler, fire system, fuel systems or condenser. The steam turbine generator and the power distribution systems are PENV primary concerns for plant conversions. These systems can be easily and affordably brought up to date to extend Power Plants working life and support the addition of PENV conversion equipment.
Updates and News
We have been extremely busy with presentations and bids to numerous state and Federal Agencies as well as the private sector. We purchased a decommissioned 10.5 Mega Watt Power plant for Conversion and are planning to start this summer. This will be a CHP plant providing heating steam to local off-takers.
PENV’s Ramona Three Project
Three Mega Watt Facility presently in the Que for San Diego Gas and Electrics REMAT program. We are presently working with the California Energy Commission on RPS Pre-certification as a renewable source.
Phoenix Energy of Nevada LLC (PENV)
PENV has been extremely busy and our designs and proposed projects have been reviewed and submitted to some of the largest names in energy as well as many State and Federal Agencies
Department of Energy, ARPA-E, National Research Labs, SEEC Commission, California DWR, California Energy Commission, San Diego Water Authority, Massachusetts Department of Energy resources, Connection Institute for Advanced Technologies, Massachusetts EPA, New York Mass Transit Authority, Nevada State Energy Program, Office of the Governor California, Office of Darrel Issa Congress, Office of Scott Peters Congress, Office of California State Senator Pat Bates
Nevada Energy, NRG Energy, NRG Energy Renew, So Cal Edison, San Diego Gas and Electric GDF Suez, IHI, UIL, Dayton Power and Light, Gulf Power, Tennessee Valley Authority, National grid, Southern Company